There are numerous musculoskeletal conditions which affect individuals of every age in the country. These medical issues range from back pain and arthritis to sports injuries and bone fractures. An orthopedic specialist is a trained physical who is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients with conditions related to the musculoskeletal system. This physiological system includes ligaments, tendons, bones and muscles.
Many people – especially athletes - suffer from knee injuries, chronic knee pain, and/or knee surgery.
Knock knees is a condition where the knees curve inward. The knees angle in and touch when straightened, but the ankles remain a distance apart from one another. The medical term for knock knees is valgus knee or genu valgum. It is painful, a cosmetic deformity – and can lead to premature arthritis of the knees.
Athletes with knock knees - can find this condition very challenging.
Can bow legs get worse? The answer is yes. Bow legs – medical practitioners use the term genu varum – occur when there is too much space between the knees, leading to legs that are bent outward in the middle. A natural condition in toddlers, bow-leggedness can persist into adulthood and may become worse with time. Heredity, diet and exercise all play a role in bow-leggedness. Surgery may be necessary in some cases.
A bone deformity includes any abnormality that occurs in the normal alignment. This may occur within the bone or even at the level of the joint. There are many types of bone deformities. It is common to see more than one deformity component in the same person.
There are also many reasons why a bone is deformed. Orthopedic specialists are physicians specifically trained to diagnose and treat bone deformities. If you or someone you know have questions about treatments for a bone deformity - it is an orthopedist you should consult with.
As you contemplate seeking advice from orthopedic specialists, you may want a few questions answered before your first visit.